COST OF TECHNICAL VIOLATIONS OF PAROLE

New York State spends approximately $359 million incarcerating people returned to state prison for technical parole violations. Localities across the state spend nearly $300 million incarcerating these individuals accused of alleged parole violations while they await disposition of the charges. The following cost analysis from New Yorkers United for Justice’s (NYUJ) shows the local costs of incarcerating people for technical violations in New York State.

The map and table below show the estimated cost to local jails and correctional facilities in New York for incarcerating individuals for technical revocations in 2019. These estimates were calculated using average daily counts of individuals incarcerated for technical violations as reported by the New York Division of Criminal Justice Services [1] and the estimated annual cost of incarceration in New York City and each New York county as reported by the New York City Comptroller [2] and the Vera Institute of Justice.[3]

 

Individuals under the supervision of the state parole system must adhere to a set of conditions such as regular meetings with parole officers and can include curfews and abstaining from alcohol. A violation of one of these conditions – known as a technical violation of parole – can result in a parole officer issuing a warrant resulting in mandatory detention in a city or county jail as the violation is adjudicated without the possibility of bail or release on recognizance. The adjudication process can take up to 105 days. The average length of the adjudication process in New York City is 61 to 67 days and 58 days in the rest of the state. The city and counties detaining individuals accused of a noncriminal, technical violation of parole are responsible for the cost of detention. It has been estimated that New York localities spend around $300 million annually detaining such individuals while technical violation allegations are adjudicated. Based on these figures, New York City and counties outside of the city spent over $340 million detaining individuals accused of technical violations of parole in 2019.

 J Jail

Facility

Annual Average Daily Count of People Incarcerated for Allegedly Violating Parole

Annual Average Cost of Incarceration Per Individual

Annual Cost of Incarcerating People for Alleged Technical Violations

New York City Jails

738

$337,524

$249,092,712.00

Albany County Jail

44

$83,703

$3,682,932.00

Allegany County Jail

1

$72,967

$ 72,967.00

Broome County Jail

13

$62,792

$816,296.00

Cattaraugus County Jail

9

$56,211

$505,899.00

Cayuga County Jail

8

$68,746

$549,968.00

Chautauqua County Jail

15

$49,991

$749,865.00

Chemung County Jail

11

$70,285

$773,135.00

Chenango County Jail

3

$81,315

$243,945.00

Clinton County Jail

15

$58,526

$877,890.00

Columbia County Jail

6

$66,734

$400,404.00

Cortland County Jail

4

$95,493

$381,972.00

Delaware County Jail

3

$82,288

$246,864.00

Dutchess County Jail

18

$96,574

$1,738,332.00

Erie County Correctional Facility

50

$113,073

$5,653,650.00

Erie County Jail

38

$113,073

$4,296,774.00

Essex County Jail

2

$80,019

$160,038.00

Franklin County Jail

6

$81,620

$489,720.00

Fulton County Jail

8

$75,472

$603,776.00

Genesee County Jail

7

$50,789

$355,523.00

Greene County Jail

0

$116,946

$ –

Hamilton County Jail

0

$215,939

$ –

Herkimer County Jail

2

$579,349

$1,158,698.00

Jefferson County Jail

12

$59,489

$713,868.00

Lewis County Jail

5

$67,793

$338,965.00

Livingston County Jail

8

$57,531

$460,248.00

Madison County Jail

6

$71,760

$430,560.00

Monroe County Correctional Facility

0

$79,896

$ –

Monroe County Jail

156

$79,896

$ 12,463,776.00

Montgomery County Jail

6

$41,079

$246,474.00

Nassau County Correctional Facility

34

$207,477

$7,054,218.00

Niagara County Jail

14

$57,847

$809,858.00

Oneida County Jail

35

$68,278

$2,389,730.00

Onondaga County Correctional Facility

62

$90,628

$5,618,936.00

Onondaga County Jail

15

$90,628

$1,359,420.00

Ontario County Jail

17

$98,207

$1,669,519.00

Orange County Jail

37

$84,852

$3,139,524.00

Orleans County jail

6

$57,716

$346,296.00

Oswego County Jail

19

$52,908

$1,005,252.00

Otsego County Jail

4

$87,267

$349,068.00

Putnam County Jail

2

$171,341

$342,682.00

Renssalear County Jail

28

$75,399

$2,111,172.00

Rockland County Jail

10

$252,238

$2,522,380.00

Saratoga County Jail

19

$63,123

$1,199,337.00

Schenectady County Jail

28

$76,380

$2,138,640.00

Schohaire County Jail

0

$91,829

$ –

Schuyler County Jail

2

$105,685

$211,370.00

Seneca County Jail

4

$89,766

$359,064.00

St. Lawrence County Jail

7

$63,951

$447,657.00

Steuben County Jail

10

$58,306

$583,060.00

Suffolk County CF Riverhead

28

$126,596

$3,544,688.00

Suffolk County CF Yaphank

28

$126,596

$3,544,688.00

Sullivan County Jail

16

$96,670

$1,546,720.00

Tioga County Jail

3

$86,932

$260,796.00

Tompkins County Jail

6

$92,802

$556,812.00

Ulster County Jail

17

$106,964

$1,818,388.00

Warren County Jail

10

$96,196

$961,960.00

Washington County Jail

11

$93,059

$1,023,649.00

Wayne County Jail

7

$120,280

$841,960.00

Westchester Annex

1

$141,802

$141,802.00

Westchester Jail

23

$141,802

$3,261,446.00

Westchester County Penitentiary

9

$141,802

$1,276,218.00

Wyoming County Jail

2

$109,953

$219,906.00

Yates County Jail

2

$88,082

$176,164.00

 

[1] “New York State Jail Populations 10-year Trends: 2010 – 2019,” New York Division of Criminal Justice Services, February 2020. https://www.criminaljustice.ny.gov/crimnet/ojsa/jail_pop_y.pdf   

[2] “Comptroller Stringer: Cost of Incarceration per Person in New York City Skyrockets to All-Time High,” Office of the New York City Comptroller, December 6, 2019. https://comptroller.nyc.gov/newsroom/comptroller-stringer-cost-of-incarceration-per-person-in-new-york-city-skyrockets-to-all-time-high/#:~:text=The%20Comptroller’s%20Office%20has%20also,fiscal%20years%202019%20and%202020.&text=Including%20all%20costs%20related%20to,%24925%20per%20person%20per%20day

[3] Lauren Jones, Sandra van de Heuvel, and Amanda Lawson, “The Cost of Incarceration in New York State,” The Vera Institute of Justice, January 2021. https://www.vera.org/the-cost-of-incarceration-in-new-york-state

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